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Author Guidelines

Journal Style Quick Guide

Main: Calibri 11pt,  single column, justified main text


Running heads

Verso and recto:  author(s) aligned left, journal title aligned right, italics; i.e.

  • left of the page: B. Jones and J. Colbert or B. Jones et al. if 3 or more authors. If B.D. Jones then initials are closed up.
  • right of the page: Inspiring Academic Practice


Article type (when needed)

Bold, ranged left; e.g. Research Article



Bold, Calibri 14pt, first word and proper nouns cap only, ranged left;


Calibri 14pt, ranged left under article title.


Ranged left: Department/Subject area, College/Service, University



Indented by 1cm each side, ranged left.


Aligned with abstract above, keywords separated by semi-colons, all words lower case except proper names.


Correspondence details

Given as footnote to author above, Calibri 10pt, ranged left, no indent.

  • If there is only one author, use 1 Email: xxxx@xxxx
  • If there are two or more authors, use 1 Corresponding author. Email: xxxx@xxxx



Bold, Calibri 11pt, initial cap only


Single column Calibri 11pt, justified. Line spacing at 1.15. 10pt spacing following each paragraph.



Referred to within parenthesis in text, i.e. (Table 1).

Labelled clearly beneath table in Calibri 10pt, initial cap only; e.g.

Table 1: Explanation of table.



Referred to within parenthesis in text, i.e. (Figure 1).

Labelled clearly beneath figure in Calibri 10pt, initial cap only; e.g.

Figure 1: Explanation of figure.


Displayed quotations

Indented left and right 1.27cm. Used for quotations over 40 words, or when appropriate.


(1) for numbered lists

Bullets if wanted


Equation (1) in text



A heading. Goes before notes, bio notes and refs

Text smaller


Notes (A heading)

1.   This is a note

2.   This is another note.

Text smaller.


Appendix 1: Title if given (A heading)

Goes after the references

Text smaller

Spelling preferences

Please consult the instructions for authors page for the journal


Initials (e.g. US, UN, BBC) do not have full points between them.

For names of article authors and in references, no space between initials –  Jones, B.D.


Spaced en rules for parenthetical dashes

Use en rule between spans of numbers 30-50, including page numbers in references

Numbers and units

Numbers: spell out one to nine, then 10, 100, 1,000

10% (except at start of sentence)

Units: follow author


14 July 2012

in the twenty-first century

in the 1990s


Editorial (as title)

If editorial has a title, use

EDITORIAL (section heading)

Title of editorial

Editor Name

Affiliation if wanted

Other article types

Follow style for main article


Reference Style Quick Guide

Chicago author-date

This guide gives basic guidelines to the use of the Chicago author-date reference system. References should be briefly cited in the text as well as in a list of references at the end of the article which gives more full bibliographic information.

How to cite references in the text:

Sources are cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by the author’s last (family) name, the publication date of the work cited, and a page number if needed. No punctuation appears between author and date. Full details appear in the References — in which the year of publication appears immediately after the author’s name. Initials often replace authors’ given names, and subtitles are sometimes omitted.

Though much about Magna Carta remains in dispute, it remains a powerful symbol (Marwick 1970).

The Nazi regime quickly sought to bring Germany’s press under its influence (Noakes and Pridham 2000, 193-202)

Where two or more works by different authors with the same last name are listed in a reference list, the text citation must include an initial (or two initials or even a given name if necessary).

(M. Thomas 2009)

(C. Thomas 2012)

When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma.

(Campbell 1980, 74)

(Smith and Jones 1990, 212n3)

(Vincent 1977, vol. 2)

(Vincent 1977, 2: 345)

Author-date citations are usually placed just before a mark of punctuation.

Recent literature has examined long-run price drifts following initial public offerings (Ritter 1991; Loughran and Ritter 1995), stock splits (Ikenberry, Rankine, and Stice 1996), seasoned equity offerings (Loughran and Ritter 1995), and equity repurchases (Ikenberry, Lakonishok, and Vermaelen 1995).

Where the author’s name appears in the text, it need not be repeated in the parenthetical citation.

Manning (1995) discusses the impact of French colonialism in sub-Saharan Africa.

Hunt’s excellent book on midwifery in the Congo (1999) warns against simplistic analyses.

When the same page or pages in the same source are cited more than once in one paragraph, the parenthetical citation can be placed after the last reference or at the end of the paragraph, but preceding the final period. If the page numbers change, the citation should occur at the first reference; the following citations need include only the page.

When a reference list includes two or more works published in the same year by the same author or authors, the text citations as well as the reference list must use the letters a, b, and so on.

(Gleave 1988a)

(Denny and Hill 1997b)

Two or three authors

For works by two or three authors, all names are included.

More than three authors

For more than three authors, only the name of the first author is used, followed by ‘et al.’ or ‘and others’. Note that et al. is not italicized in text citations.

(Roberts  et al. 1997)

In a study by Roberts and others (1997),

If a reference list includes another work of the same date that would also be abbreviated as ‘Roberts et al.’ but whose co-authors are different persons or listed in a different order, the text citations must distinguish between them. In such cases, the first two (or the first three) authors should be cited, followed by ‘et al.’ or ‘and others’.

(Roberts, Perry, et al. 1992)

(Roberts, Lang, et al. 1992)

If necessary a shortened title, enclosed in commas, may be added. In the following examples, ‘et al.’ refers to different coauthors, so a, b, and so on cannot be used.

(Roberts, Perry, et al., “Engine Dynamics” 1992)

(Roberts, Perry, et al., “Speed and Motion” 1992)

Multiple references

Two or more references in a single parenthetical citation are separated by semicolons. The order in which they are given may depend on what is being cited, and in what order, or it may reflect the relative importance of the items cited. If neither criterion applies, alphabetical or chronological order may be appropriate - the decision is the author’s.

(Armstrong and Miller 1995; Fabre 1962; Springer 1988)

Additional works by the same author(s) are given by date only, separated by commas except where page numbers are required.

(White 1986, 1992; Young 1977a, 1977b)

(Larcher 2002, 211; 2004, 978; Green 2007, 546)

How to organise the reference list:

A full list of references giving complete bibliographic information for all sources cited must be included at the end of the article. The references should listed in alphabetical order, according to the last name (family name) of the first named author of the work. Works by the same author, editor, or translator, should be listed in chronological order. Undated works should be listed after all dated works.

References should be set out as follows:

Author, A.A. Year. Article title. Journal Title Vol: extent.


Crook, D. 1995. Universities, teacher training, and the legacy of McNair, 1944-94. History of Education 24, no 3: 231-245.


Lastname, Firstname, and Firstname Lastname. Year. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.


Cunningham, Peter, and Philip Gardner. 2004. Becoming Teachers: Texts and Testimonies, 1907-1950. London: Woburn.


Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of chapter. In Title of book, ed. Firstname Lastname and Firstname Lastname, pages. Place of publication: publisher.


Robinson, W. 2008. The Case in England and Wales. In Teacher Education in the English-Speaking World: Past Present and Future, ed. Tom O’Donoghue and Clive Whitehead, 45-60. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.


Author. Title of document. Site Owner. URL.


Higher Education Academy. The UK Professional Standards Framework for teaching and supporting learning in higher education. Higher Education Academy.


Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Month day, section, edition (if appropriate).


Ratcliffe, Rebecca. 2012. University applications from UK students down 8.4%. The Guardian. November 28, Education section.


Author., A. Year. Title of thesis. Degree and type of thesis abbrev., name of Univ.


Dunkerley, M.E. 2010. Education policies and the development of the colonial state in the Belgian Congo, 1916-1939. PhD diss. University of Exeter.


Lastname, Firstname. Year. Title of paper. Paper presented at Name of Conference, Months days, in Place of Conference.


Nakagomi, Sayaka. 2011. Introduction of domestic subjects into English girls’ secondary education from the late 1870s to the 1910s. Paper presented at the History of Education Society’s Annual Conference 2011, November 25-27, in Glasgow.


For further guidance on presenting references using the Chicago Author-Date system, please see:



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines above.

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