Publications by year
Benham-Clarke S, Ford T, Mitchell S, Price A, Newlove-Delgado T, Blake S, Eke H, Moore D, Russell A, Janssens A, et al (In Press). Role of Education Settings in Transition from Child to Adult Health Services for Young People with ADHD. Journal of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Russell AE, Dunn B, Hayes R, Moore D, Kidger J, Sonuga-Barke E, Pfiffner L, Ford T
(2023). Investigation of the feasibility and acceptability of a school-based intervention for children with traits of ADHD: protocol for an iterative case-series study. BMJ Open
Investigation of the feasibility and acceptability of a school-based intervention for children with traits of ADHD: protocol for an iterative case-series study
IntroductionAttention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and impairing cluster of traits affecting 2%–5% of children. These children are at risk of negative health, social and educational outcomes and often experience severe difficulties at school, so effective psychosocial interventions are needed. There is mixed evidence for existing school-based interventions for ADHD, which are complex and resource-intensive, contradicting teachers’ preferences for short, flexible strategies that suit a range of ADHD-related classroom-based problems. They are also poorly evaluated. In this study, a prototype intervention comprising a digital ‘toolkit’ of behavioural strategies will be tested and refined. We aim to refine the prototype so that its use is feasible and acceptable within school settings, and to establish whether a future definitive, appropriately powered, trial of effectiveness is feasible. This novel iterative study aims to pre-emptively address implementation and evaluation challenges that have hampered previous randomised controlled trials of non-pharmacological interventions.Methods and analysisA randomised iterative mixed-methods case-series design will be used. Schools will be randomised to the time (school term) they implement the toolkit. Eight primary schools and 16–32 children with impairing traits of ADHD will participate, along with school staff and parents. The toolkit will be refined after each term, or more frequently if needed. Small, theory-based and data driven changes hypothesised as relevant across school contexts will be made, as well as reactive changes addressing implementation barriers. Feasibility and acceptability will be assessed through quantitative and qualitative data collection and analyses in relation to study continuation criteria, and ADHD symptoms and classroom functioning will be tracked and visually evaluated to assess whether there are early indications of toolkit utility.Ethics and disseminationEthical approval has been obtained. Results will be presented in journal articles, conferences and through varied forms of media to reach policymakers, stakeholders and the public. Abstract
Norwich B, Moore D, Stentiford L, Hall D
(2022). A critical consideration of ‘mental health and wellbeing’ in education: thinking about school aims in terms of wellbeing. British Educational Research Journal
A critical consideration of ‘mental health and wellbeing’ in education: thinking about school aims in terms of wellbeing.
This paper examines ideas about mental health, wellbeing and school education to illustrate important issues in the relationship between mental health and education. The Covid crisis has amplified the pre-existing mental health problems of children and young people in England and the recognition of the opportunities in schools’ to address these. The paper gives an overview of child and adolescent mental health services and how they position the role of schools. It examines prominent concepts of mental health and their relationship to wellbeing, setting this in a discussion of ‘mentally healthy’ schools, mental health in special educational needs (SEN) and whole school approaches. This analysis shows how the relationship between mental health and wellbeing has not been adequately worked out, using this as the basis for arguing for the dual factor mental health model which separates mental illness/disorder from wellbeing as two related dimensions. The paper then translates the dual factor model into a two-dimensional framework that represents the distinctive but related aims of school education (wellbeing promotion) and mental health services (preventing, coping, helping mental health difficulties). This framework involves a complex conception of wellbeing, with schools playing an important role in promoting wellbeing (beyond emotional wellbeing), tiered models and establishing school-wide social emotional learning. It is about a whole school curriculum approach that involves considering what is to be learned and how it is taught. It contributes to a more nuanced concept of wellbeing that has a place for meaningful learning and challenge. Abstract
Abbott RA, Rogers M, Lourida I, Green C, Ball S, Hemsley A, Cheeseman D, Clare L, Moore D, Hussey C, et al
(2022). New horizons for caring for people with dementia in hospital: the DEMENTIA CARE pointers for service change. Age and Ageing
New horizons for caring for people with dementia in hospital: the DEMENTIA CARE pointers for service change
. Approximately two-thirds of hospital admissions are older adults and almost half of these are likely to have some form of dementia. People with dementia are not only at an increased risk of adverse outcomes once admitted, but the unfamiliar environment and routinised practices of the wards and acute care can be particularly challenging for them, heightening their confusion, agitation and distress further impacting the ability to optimise their care. It is well established that a person-centred care approach helps alleviate some of the unfamiliar stress but how to embed this in the acute-care setting remains a challenge. In this article, we highlight the challenges that have been recognised in this area and put forward a set of evidence-based ‘pointers for service change’ to help organisations in the delivery of person-centred care. The DEMENTIA CARE pointers cover areas of: dementia awareness and understanding, education and training, modelling of person-centred care by clinical leaders, adapting the environment, teamwork (not being alone), taking the time to ‘get to know’, information sharing, access to necessary resources, communication, involving family (ask family), raising the profile of dementia care, and engaging volunteers. The pointers extend previous guidance, by recognising the importance of ward cultures that prioritise dementia care and institutional support that actively seeks to raise the profile of dementia care. The pointers provide a range of simple to more complex actions or areas for hospitals to help implement person-centred care approaches; however, embedding them within the organisational cultures of hospitals is the next challenge.
Kelman C, Thompson Coon J, Ukoumunne O, Moore D, Gudka R, Bryant E, Russell A (2022). Objective measures of core ADHD symptoms in children and young people in naturalistic settings: a scoping review protocol.
Russell A, Moore D, Sanders A, Dunn B, Hayes R, Kidger J, Sonuga-Barke E, Pfiffner L, Ford T
(2022). Synthesising the existing evidence for nonpharmacological interventions targeting outcomes relevant to young people with ADHD in the school setting: systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews
Synthesising the existing evidence for nonpharmacological interventions targeting outcomes relevant to young people with ADHD in the school setting: systematic review protocol
Background: Children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have impairing levels of difficulty paying attention, impulsive behaviour and/or hyperactivity. ADHD causes extensive difficulties for young people at school, and as a result these children are at high risk for a wide range of poor outcomes. We ultimately aim to develop a flexible, modular 'toolkit' of evidence-based strategies that can be delivered by primary school staff to improve the school environment and experience for children with ADHD; the purpose of this review is to identify and quantify the evidence-base for potential intervention components. This protocol sets out our plans to systematically identify non-pharmacological interventions that target outcomes that have been reported to be of importance to key stakeholders (ADHD symptoms, organisation skills, executive-global- and classroom-functioning, quality of life, self-esteem and conflict with teachers and peers). We plan to link promising individual intervention components to measured outcomes, and synthesise the evidence of effectiveness for each outcome. Abstract
Methods: a systematic search for studies published from the year 2000 that target the outcomes of interest in children and young people aged 3-12 will be conducted. Titles and abstracts will be screened using prioritisation software, and then full texts of potentially eligible studies will be screened. Systematic reviews, RCTs, non-randomised and case-series studies are eligible designs. Synthesis will vary by the type of evidence available, potentially including a review of reviews, meta-analysis and narrative synthesis. Heterogeneity of studies meta-analysed will be assessed, along with publication bias. Intervention mapping will be applied to understand potential behaviour change mechanisms for promising intervention components.
Discussion: This review will highlight interventions that appear to effectively ameliorate negative outcomes that are of importance for people with ADHD, parents, school staff and experts. Components of intervention design and features that are associated with effective change in the outcome will be delineated and used to inform the development of a 'toolkit' of non-pharmacological strategies that school staff can use to improve the primary school experience for children with ADHD.
Walker E, Shaw E, Nunns M, Moore D, Thompson Coon J
(2021). No evidence synthesis about me without me: Involving young people in the conduct and dissemination of a complex evidence synthesis. Health Expect
, 24 Suppl 1
(Suppl 1), 122-133.
No evidence synthesis about me without me: Involving young people in the conduct and dissemination of a complex evidence synthesis.
OBJECTIVES: to describe and reflect on the methods and influence of involvement of young people with lived experience within a complex evidence synthesis. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Linked syntheses of quantitative and qualitative systematic reviews of evidence about interventions to improve the mental health of children and young people (CYP) with long-term physical conditions (LTCs). METHODS: Involvement was led by an experienced patient and public involvement in research lead. Young people with long-term physical conditions and mental health issues were invited to join a study-specific Children and Young People's Advisory Group (CYPAG). The CYPAG met face to face on four occasions during the project with individuals continuing to contribute to dissemination following report submission. RESULTS: Eight young people joined the CYPAG. Their views and experiences informed (a) a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of interventions intended to improve the mental health of CYP with LTCs, (b) a systematic review exploring the experiences of interventions intended to improve the mental well-being of CYP with LTCs and (c) an overarching synthesis. The CYPAG greatly contributed to the team's understanding and appreciation of the wider context of the research. The young people found the experience of involvement empowering and felt they would use the knowledge they had gained about the research process in the future. CONCLUSION: Creating an environment that enabled meaningful engagement between the research team and the CYPAG had a beneficial influence on the young people themselves, as well as on the review process and the interpretation, presentation and dissemination of findings. Abstract
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Lourida I, Gwernan-Jones R, Abbott R, Rogers M, Green C, Ball S, Hemsley A, Cheeseman D, Clare L, Moore D, et al
(2020). Activity interventions to improve the experience of care in hospital for people living with dementia: a systematic review. BMC Geriatr
Activity interventions to improve the experience of care in hospital for people living with dementia: a systematic review.
BACKGROUND: an increasingly high number of patients admitted to hospital have dementia. Hospital environments can be particularly confusing and challenging for people living with dementia (Plwd) impacting their wellbeing and the ability to optimize their care. Improving the experience of care in hospital has been recognized as a priority, and non-pharmacological interventions including activity interventions have been associated with improved wellbeing and behavioral outcomes for Plwd in other settings. This systematic review aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of activity interventions to improve experience of care for Plwd in hospital. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in 16 electronic databases up to October 2019. Reference lists of included studies and forward citation searching were also conducted. Quantitative studies reporting comparative data for activity interventions delivered to Plwd aiming to improve their experience of care in hospital were included. Screening for inclusion, data extraction and quality appraisal were performed independently by two reviewers with discrepancies resolved by discussion with a third where necessary. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) were calculated where possible to support narrative statements and aid interpretation. RESULTS: Six studies met the inclusion criteria (one randomized and five non-randomized uncontrolled studies) including 216 Plwd. Activity interventions evaluated music, art, social, psychotherapeutic, and combinations of tailored activities in relation to wellbeing outcomes. Although studies were generally underpowered, findings indicated beneficial effects of activity interventions with improved mood and engagement of Plwd while in hospital, and reduced levels of responsive behaviors. Calculated SMDs ranged from very small to large but were mostly statistically non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: the small number of identified studies indicate that activity-based interventions implemented in hospitals may be effective in improving aspects of the care experience for Plwd. Larger well-conducted studies are needed to fully evaluate the potential of this type of non-pharmacological intervention to improve experience of care in hospital settings, and whether any benefits extend to staff wellbeing and the wider ward environment. Abstract
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Thompson Coon J, Gwernan-Jones R, Garside R, Nunns M, Shaw L, Melendez-Torres GJ, Moore D
(2020). Developing methods for the overarching synthesis of quantitative and qualitative evidence: the interweave synthesis approach. Research Synthesis Methods
Developing methods for the overarching synthesis of quantitative and qualitative evidence: the interweave synthesis approach
The incorporation of evidence derived from multiple research designs into one single synthesis can enhance the utility of systematic reviews making them more worthwhile, useful, and insightful. Methodological guidance for mixed-methods synthesis continues to emerge and evolve but broadly involves a sequential, parallel, or convergent approach according to the degree of independence between individual syntheses before they are combined. We present two case studies in which we used novel and innovative methods to draw together the findings from individual but related quantitative and qualitative syntheses to aid interpretation of the overall evidence base. Our approach moved beyond making a choice between parallel, sequential, or convergent methods to interweave the findings of individual reviews and offers three key innovations to mixed-methods synthesis methods: the use of intersubjective questions to understand the findings of the individual reviews through different lenses, Immersion of key reviewers in the entirety of the evidence base, and Commencing the process during the final stages of the synthesis of individual reviews, at a point where reviewers are developing an understanding of initial findings. Underlying our approach is the process of exploration and identification of links between and across review findings, an approach that is fundamental to all evidence syntheses but usually occurs at the level of the study. Adapting existing methods for exploring and identifying patterns and links between and across studies to interweave the findings between and across reviews may prove valuable. Abstract
Abbott RA, Moore DA, Rogers M, Bethel A, Stein K, Coon JT
(2020). Effectiveness of pharmacist home visits for individuals at risk of medication-related problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMC Health Serv Res
Effectiveness of pharmacist home visits for individuals at risk of medication-related problems: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
BACKGROUND: Medication mismanagement is a major cause of both hospital admission and nursing home placement of frail older adults. Medication reviews by community pharmacists aim to maximise therapeutic benefit but also minimise harm. Pharmacist-led medication reviews have been the focus of several systematic reviews, but none have focussed on the home setting. REVIEW METHODS: to determine the effectiveness of pharmacist home visits for individuals at risk of medication-related problems we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Thirteen databases were searched from inception to December 2018. Forward and backward citation of included studies was also performed. Articles were screened for inclusion independently by two reviewers. Randomised controlled studies of home visits by pharmacists for individuals at risk of medication-related problems were eligible for inclusion. Data extraction and quality appraisal were performed by one reviewer and checked by a second. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed where sufficient data allowed and narrative synthesis summarised all remaining data. RESULTS: Twelve RCTs (reported in 15 articles), involving 3410 participants, were included in the review. The frequency, content and purpose of the home visit varied considerably. The data from eight trials were suitable for meta-analysis of the effects on hospital admissions and mortality, and from three trials for the effects on quality of life. Overall there was no evidence of reduction in hospital admissions (risk ratio (RR) of 1.01 (95%CI 0.86 to 1.20, I2 = 69.0%, p = 0.89; 8 studies, 2314 participants)), or mortality (RR of 1.01 (95%CI 0.81 to 1.26, I2 = 0%, p = 0.94; 8 studies, 2314 participants)). There was no consistent evidence of an effect on quality of life, medication adherence or knowledge. CONCLUSION: a systematic review of twelve RCTs assessing the impact of pharmacist home visits for individuals at risk of medication related problems found no evidence of effect on hospital admission or mortality rates, and limited evidence of effect on quality of life. Future studies should focus on using more robust methods to assess relevant outcomes. Abstract
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Finning K, Ford T, Moore DA, Ukoumunne OC
(2020). Emotional disorder and absence from school: findings from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Emotional disorder and absence from school: findings from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey.
Emotional disorder may be associated with absence from school, but the existing evidence is methodologically weak. We studied the relationships between anxiety, depression and emotional difficulties, and school absence (total, authorised and unauthorised) using data from the 2004 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey (BCAMHS). The BCAMHS was a cross-sectional, community survey of 7977 5- to 16-year-olds. Emotional disorder was assessed using the Development and Wellbeing Assessment (DAWBA), and emotional difficulties using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) completed by teachers and parents. Teachers reported days absent in the previous school term. Multivariable negative binomial regression was used to examine the impact of emotional disorder and difficulties on absence. Age, gender and general health were explored as moderators. Anxiety, depression and emotional difficulties were associated with higher rates of all types of absence [rate ratios for total absence: anxiety 1.69 (1.39-2.06) p Abstract
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Coon JT, Abbott R, Lourida I, Gwernan-Jones R, Rogers M, Cheeseman D, Moore D, Green C, Ball S, Clare L, et al
(2020). IMPROVING THE EXPERIENCE OF CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA IN HOSPITAL: DEVELOPING THE DEMENTIA CARE POINTERS FOR SERVICE CHANGE. Author URL
(2020). Perspectives of Female Special and General Education Teachers Regarding their Collaboration in Primary Mainstream School in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia.
Perspectives of Female Special and General Education Teachers Regarding their Collaboration in Primary Mainstream School in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia
This study examines the collaboration between general and special education teachers in mainstream schools in Riyadh from their perspective. The purpose of the current research is to explore how mainstream primary school teachers (both general and special education) construct their experiences of collaboration with students who have learning difficulties (LD) in the mainstream curriculum setting. To achieve the aims of this study, a mixed methods approach was used (questionnaires and interviews) to collect data regarding both special education and general education teachers’ perceptions of collaboration in mainstream primary schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results showed that teachers are collaborating at a low level. In the interview phase, participants described their perceptions and the factors promoting examples of effective collaboration, and the barriers that might negatively affect collaboration. The findings from this research revealed that collaboration in some schools in Riyadh is inhibited by various factors including lack of time due to teachers’ work overload; overcrowded classrooms; lack of awareness regarding the significance of collaboration; the absence of pre- and in-service training programs and workshops in the area of inclusive education; general education teachers’ negative attitudes and lack of interest to working with students with learning difficulties; and lack of management support from schools’ principles. Key concepts from the findings based on the research questions and previous literature which include teachers’ perceptions of collaboration, involving further discussion personal beliefs and actual experiences of collaboration were discussed. Personal beliefs and actual experiences are discussed as key concepts based on the implicit and explicit findings from both research phases. This study offered implications and recommendations for several stakeholders, including teachers, school administration, policymakers and researchers. For example, clear policy guidance for the roles of both general and special education teachers in collaboration could highlight its importance in mainstream schools. Considering these implications and recommendations would allow stakeholders to design initiatives, tools and actions based on what teachers believe and experience to assist in the development of collaboration between general education and special education teachers in mainstream schools in Saudi Arabia.
Gwernan-Jones R, Abbott R, Lourida I, Rogers M, Green C, Ball S, Hemsley A, Cheeseman D, Clare L, Moore DA, et al
(2020). The experiences of hospital staff who provide care for people living with dementia: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OLDER PEOPLE NURSING
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Gwernan-Jones R, Lourida I, Abbott RA, Rogers M, Green C, Ball S, Hemsley A, Cheeseman D, Clare L, Moore D, et al
(2020). Understanding and improving experiences of care in hospital for people living with dementia, their carers and staff: three systematic reviews. Health Services and Delivery Research
Understanding and improving experiences of care in hospital for people living with dementia, their carers and staff: three systematic reviews
. Being in hospital can be particularly confusing and challenging not only for people living with dementia, but also for their carers and the staff who care for them. Improving the experience of care for people living with dementia in hospital has been recognised as a priority.
. To understand the experience of care in hospital for people living with dementia, their carers and the staff who care for them and to assess what we know about improving the experience of care.
. Review methods
. We undertook three systematic reviews: (1) the experience of care in hospital, (2) the experience of interventions to improve care in hospital and (3) the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions to improve the experience of care. Reviews 1 and 2 sought primary qualitative studies and were analysed using meta-ethnography. Review 3 sought comparative studies and economic evaluations of interventions to improve experience of care. An interweaving approach to overarching synthesis was used to integrate the findings across the reviews.
. Data sources
. Sixteen electronic databases were searched. Forwards and backwards citation chasing, author contact and grey literature searches were undertaken. Screening of title and abstracts and full texts was performed by two reviewers independently. A quality appraisal of all included studies was undertaken.
. Sixty-three studies (reported in 82 papers) were included in review 1, 14 studies (reported in 16 papers) were included in review 2, and 25 studies (reported in 26 papers) were included in review 3. A synthesis of review 1 studies found that when staff were delivering more person-centred care, people living with dementia, carers and staff all experienced this as better care. The line of argument, which represents the conceptual findings as a whole, was that ‘a change of hospital culture is needed before person-centred care can become routine’. From reviews 2 and 3, there was some evidence of improvements in experience of care from activities, staff training, added capacity and inclusion of carers. In consultation with internal and external stakeholders, the findings from the three reviews and overarching synthesis were developed into 12 DEMENTIA CARE pointers for service change: key institutional and environmental practices and processes that could help improve experience of care for people living with dementia in hospital.
. Few of the studies explored experience from the perspectives of people living with dementia. The measurement of experience of care across the studies was not consistent. Methodological variability and the small number of intervention studies limited the ability to draw conclusions on effectiveness.
. The evidence suggests that, to improve the experience of care in hospital for people living with dementia, a transformation of organisational and ward cultures is needed that supports person-centred care and values the status of dementia care. Changes need to cut across hierarchies and training systems to facilitate working patterns and interactions that enable both physical and emotional care of people living with dementia in hospital. Future research needs to identify how such changes can be implemented, and how they can be maintained in the long term. To do this, well-designed controlled studies with improved reporting of methods and intervention details to elevate the quality of available evidence and facilitate comparisons across different interventions are required.
. Study registration
. This study is registered as PROSPERO CRD42018086013.
. This project was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Services and Delivery Research programme and will be published in full in Health Services and Delivery Research; Vol. 8, No. 43. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information. Additional funding was provided by the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula.
Thompson‐Coon J, Abbott RA, Lourida I, Gwernan‐Jones R, Rogers M, Cheeseman D, Moore D, Green C, Ball S, Clare L, et al (2020). Understanding and improving the experience of care for people with dementia in hospital: Developing the dementia care pointers for service change. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 16(S7).
(2020). Understanding of Non-technical Words in Chemistry: a Case Study of Saudi EFL (English as a Foreign Language) College Students.
Understanding of Non-technical Words in Chemistry: a Case Study of Saudi EFL (English as a Foreign Language) College Students
The purpose of this research is to explore Saudi English as a Foreign Language (EFL) college students’ understanding of non-technical words in chemistry. The study is premised on constructivism as a theory of learning. Although studies have been conducted on English Language Learners and non-technical words in general science, they are limited with respect to adult learners. Similar studies in the discipline of chemistry are even more scarce; and that pertaining to Saudi EFL college students appears non-existent. This thesis adopts a case study design that incorporates a mixed methods research design variant termed sequential explanatory design. There are two distinct phases in this design. The first phase is a corpus-based study whereby corpora made from the Saudi students’ chemistry textbook were analysed through the production of keyword lists. This led to the identification of 46 potentially problematic non-technical words of various kinds including both common and uncommon everyday lexis, as well as those situated as verbs, nouns and adjectives. The second phase involved interviewing eleven Saudi EFL college students to explore their understanding of eleven non-technical words derived from the first phase. The findings from this thesis make several original contributions to existing knowledge in the field of chemistry education. This includes the identification of numerous potential non-technical words related to secondary chemistry. Also, the findings gave insights into the nature of Saudi EFL college students’ comprehension of these words including commonalities and idiosyncrasies in their conceptions of concepts in chemistry. Further, it was found that their first language has a bearing on how non-technical words are understood in English. The students’ varied proficiencies in both English and their mother tongue, Arabic, have similar consequences in this regard. Solutions are suggested for a dilemma in this research context related to the conflicting aims of English and chemistry courses in Foundation Year programs. As a result, this novel study identifies several areas for future research within this area of study. Abstract
Long L, Moore D, Robinson S, Sansom A, Aylward A, Fletcher E, Welsman J, Dean SG, Campbell JL, Anderson R, et al
(2020). Understanding why primary care doctors leave direct patient care: a systematic review of qualitative research. BMJ Open
Understanding why primary care doctors leave direct patient care: a systematic review of qualitative research
BackgroundUK general practitioners (GPs) are leaving direct patient care in significant numbers. We undertook a systematic review of qualitative research to identify factors affecting GPs’ leaving behaviour in the workforce as part of a wider mixed methods study (ReGROUP).ObjectiveTo identify factors that affect GPs’ decisions to leave direct patient care.MethodsQualitative interview-based studies were identified and their quality was assessed. A thematic analysis was performed and an explanatory model was constructed providing an overview of factors affecting UK GPs. Non-UK studies were considered separately.ResultsSix UK interview-based studies and one Australian interview-based study were identified. Three central dynamics that are key to understanding UK GP leaving behaviour were identified: factors associated with low job satisfaction, high job satisfaction and those linked to the doctor–patient relationship. The importance of contextual influence on job satisfaction emerged. GPs with high job satisfaction described feeling supported by good practice relationships, while GPs with poor job satisfaction described feeling overworked and unsupported with negatively impacted doctor–patient relationships.ConclusionsMany GPs report that job satisfaction directly relates to the quality of the doctor–patient relationship. Combined with changing relationships with patients and interfaces with secondary care, and the gradual sense of loss of autonomy within the workplace, many GPs report a reduction in job satisfaction. Once job satisfaction has become negatively impacted, the combined pressure of increased patient demand and workload, together with other stress factors, has left many feeling unsupported and vulnerable to burn-out and ill health, and ultimately to the decision to leave general practice. Abstract
Anderson JK, Ford T, Soneson E, Coon JT, Humphrey A, Rogers M, Moore D, Jones PB, Clarke E, Howarth E, et al
(2019). A systematic review of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of school-based identification of children and young people at risk of, or currently experiencing mental health difficulties. Psychol Med
A systematic review of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of school-based identification of children and young people at risk of, or currently experiencing mental health difficulties.
BACKGROUND: Although school-based programmes for the identification of children and young people (CYP) with mental health difficulties (MHD) have the potential to improve short- and long-term outcomes across a range of mental disorders, the evidence-base on the effectiveness of these programmes is underdeveloped. In this systematic review, we sought to identify and synthesise evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of school-based methods to identify students experiencing MHD, as measured by accurate identification, referral rates, and service uptake. METHOD: Electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, British Education Index and ASSIA were searched. Comparative studies were included if they assessed the effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of strategies to identify students in formal education aged 3-18 years with MHD, presenting symptoms of mental ill health, or exposed to psychosocial risks that increase the likelihood of developing a MHD. RESULTS: We identified 27 studies describing 44 unique identification programmes. Only one study was a randomised controlled trial. Most studies evaluated the utility of universal screening programmes; where comparison of identification rates was made, the comparator test varied across studies. The heterogeneity of studies, the absence of randomised studies and poor outcome reporting make for a weak evidence-base that only generate tentative conclusions about the effectiveness of school-based identification programmes. CONCLUSIONS: Well-designed pragmatic trials that include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness and detailed process evaluations are necessary to establish the accuracy of different identification models, as well as their effectiveness in connecting students to appropriate support in real-world settings. Abstract
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Russell AE, Tay M, Ford T, Russell G, Moore D
(2019). Educational practitioners’ perceptions of ADHD: a qualitative study of views of the home lives of children with ADHD in the UK. British Journal of Special Education
Educational practitioners’ perceptions of ADHD: a qualitative study of views of the home lives of children with ADHD in the UK
There is little research exploring educational practitioners’ experiences of working with children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The current study aimed to understand educational practitioners’ beliefs concerning the home lives of children with ADHD, and how they perceive that home lives affect children’s behaviour in school. Forty-two practitioners from primary, secondary and pupil referral schools participated in focus groups or interviews. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes arising from the data. Three themes emerged as relevant to beliefs about the home lives of children with ADHD: inconsistency, psychosocial adversity and isolation. Educational practitioners relate their experiences of working with children to what they believe occurs at home. On the basis of these findings, we make recommendations for strategies that school practitioners can use when working with children with ADHD. Abstract
Shaw L, Moore D, Nunns M, Thompson Coon J, Ford T, Berry V, Walker E, Heyman I, Dickens C, Bennett S, et al
(2019). Experiences of interventions aiming to improve the mental health and well-being of children and young people with a long-term physical condition: a systematic review and meta-ethnography. Child Care Health Dev
Experiences of interventions aiming to improve the mental health and well-being of children and young people with a long-term physical condition: a systematic review and meta-ethnography.
BACKGROUND: Children and young people with long-term physical health conditions are at increased risk of experiencing mental health and well-being difficulties. However, there is a lack of research that explores the experiences of and attitudes towards interventions aiming to improve their mental health and well-being. This systematic review seeks to address this gap in the literature by exploring what children and young people with long-term conditions, their caregivers, and health practitioners perceive to be important aspects of interventions aiming to improve their mental health and well-being. METHODS: an information specialist searched five academic databases using predefined criteria for qualitative evaluations of interventions aiming to improve the mental health or well-being of children with long-term physical conditions. Reviewers also performed supplementary citation and grey literature searches. Two reviewers independently screened titles, abstracts, and full texts that met the inclusion criteria and conducted data extraction and quality assessment. Meta-ethnography was used to synthesize the findings. RESULTS: Screening identified 60 relevant articles. We identified five overarching constructs through the synthesis: (a) Getting in and Staying In, (b) Therapeutic Foundation, (c) Social Support, (d) a Hopeful Alternative, and (e) Empowerment. The line of argument that links these constructs together indicates that when interventions can provide an environment that allows young people to share their experiences and build empathetic relationships, it can enable participants to access social support and increase feelings of hope and empowerment. CONCLUSION: These findings may provide a framework to inform the development of mental health interventions for this population and evaluate existing interventions that already include some of the components or processes identified by this research. Further research is needed to establish which of the constructs identified by the line of argument are most effective in improving the mental well-being of young people living with long-term conditions. Abstract
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Axford N, Berry V, Lloyd J, Moore D, Rogers M, Hurst A, Blockley K, Durkin H (2019). How can Schools Support Parents’ Engagement in their Children’s Learning? Evidence from Research and Practice. Education Endowment Foundation, London.
Thompson-Coon J, Jones RG, Lourida I, Abbott R, Rogers M, Llewellyn D, Green C, Richards D, Ball S, Hemsley A, et al
(2019). IMPROVING THE EXPERIENCE OF CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA IN HOSPITAL: SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE EVIDENCE. Author URL
Moore D, Benham-Clarke S, Kenchington R, Boyle C, Ford T, Hayes R, Rogers M
(2019). Improving Behaviour in Schools: Evidence Review.
Education Endowment Foundation. Author URL
Moore DA, Nunns M, Shaw L, Rogers M, Walker E, Ford T, Garside R, Ukoumunne O, Titman P, Shafran R, et al
(2019). Interventions to improve the mental health of children and young people with long-term physical conditions: linked evidence syntheses. Health Technol Assess
Interventions to improve the mental health of children and young people with long-term physical conditions: linked evidence syntheses.
BACKGROUND: Although mental health difficulties can severely complicate the lives of children and young people (CYP) with long-term physical conditions (LTCs), there is a lack of evidence about the effectiveness of interventions to treat them. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions aiming to improve the mental health of CYP with LTCs (review 1) and explore the factors that may enhance or limit their delivery (review 2). DATA SOURCES: for review 1, 13 electronic databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Science Citation Index. For review 2, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched. Supplementary searches, author contact and grey literature searches were also conducted. REVIEW METHODS: the first systematic review sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and economic evaluations of interventions to improve elevated symptoms of mental ill health in CYP with LTCs. Effect sizes for each outcome were calculated post intervention (Cohen's d). When appropriate, random-effects meta-analyses produced pooled effect sizes (d). Review 2 located primary qualitative studies exploring experiences of CYP with LTCs, their families and/or practitioners, regarding interventions aiming to improve the mental health and well-being of CYP with LTCs. Synthesis followed the principles of metaethnography. An overarching synthesis integrated the findings from review 1 and review 2 using a deductive approach. End-user involvement, including topic experts and CYP with LTCs and their parents, was a feature throughout the project. RESULTS: Review 1 synthesised 25 RCTs evaluating 11 types of intervention, sampling 12 different LTCs. Tentative evidence from seven studies suggests that cognitive-behavioural therapy interventions could improve the mental health of CYP with certain LTCs. Intervention-LTC dyads were diverse, with few opportunities to meta-analyse. No economic evaluations were located. Review 2 synthesised 57 studies evaluating 21 types of intervention. Most studies were of individuals with cancer, a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or mixed LTCs. Interventions often aimed to improve broader mental health and well-being, rather than symptoms of mental health disorder. The metaethnography identified five main constructs, described in an explanatory line of argument model of the experience of interventions. Nine overarching synthesis categories emerged from the integrated evidence, raising implications for future research. LIMITATIONS: Review 1 conclusions were limited by the lack of evidence about intervention effectiveness. No relevant economic evaluations were located. There were no UK studies included in review 1, limiting the applicability of findings. The mental health status of participants in review 2 was usually unknown, limiting comparability with review 1. The different evidence identified by the two systematic reviews challenged the overarching synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: There is a relatively small amount of comparable evidence for the effectiveness of interventions for the mental health of CYP with LTCs. Qualitative evidence provided insight into the experiences that intervention deliverers and recipients valued. Future research should evaluate potentially effective intervention components in high-quality RCTs integrating process evaluations. End-user involvement enriched the project. STUDY REGISTRATION: This study is registered as PROSPERO CRD42011001716. FUNDING: the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment programme and the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West Peninsula. Abstract
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Moore DA, Richardson M, Gwernan-Jones R, Thompson-Coon J, Stein K, Rogers M, Garside R, Logan S, Ford TJ
(2019). Non-Pharmacological Interventions for ADHD in School Settings: an Overarching Synthesis of Systematic Reviews. J Atten Disord
Non-Pharmacological Interventions for ADHD in School Settings: an Overarching Synthesis of Systematic Reviews.
OBJECTIVE: This overarching synthesis brings together the findings of four systematic reviews including 138 studies focused on non-pharmacological interventions for ADHD used in school settings. These reviews considered the effectiveness of school-based interventions for ADHD, attitudes toward and experience of school-based interventions for ADHD, and the experience of ADHD in school settings. METHOD: We developed novel methods to compare the findings across these reviews inductively and deductively. RESULTS: Key contextual issues that may influence the effectiveness and implementation of interventions include the relationships that pupils with ADHD have with their teachers and peers, the attributions individuals make about the etiology of ADHD, and stigma related to ADHD or intervention attendance. CONCLUSION: Although we found some positive effects for some outcomes and intervention categories, heterogeneity in effect size estimates and research evidence suggests a range of diverse contextual factors potentially moderate the implementation and effectiveness of school-based interventions for ADHD. Abstract
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Lourida I, Gwernan-Jones R, Abbott RA, Rogers M, Green C, Ball S, Richards D, Hemsley A, Clare L, Llewellyn DJ, et al (2019). P3‐522: IMPROVING THE EXPERIENCE OF CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA IN HOSPITAL: SYNTHESIS OF QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE EVIDENCE. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 15, p1170-p1170.
Finning K, Ukoumunne OC, Ford T, Danielson-Waters E, Shaw L, Romero De jager I, Stentiford L, Moore D
(2019). Review: the association between anxiety and poor attendance at school – a systematic review. Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Review: the association between anxiety and poor attendance at school – a systematic review
Background: Anxiety may be associated with poor attendance at school, which can lead to a range of adverse outcomes. We systematically reviewed the evidence for an association between anxiety and poor school attendance. Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for quantitative studies that reported an estimate of association between anxiety and school attendance. Anxiety had to be assessed via standardised diagnostic measure or validated scale. Articles were screened independently by two reviewers. Meta-analyses were performed where possible, otherwise results were synthesised narratively. Results: a total of 4930 articles were screened. Eleven studies from six countries across North America, Europe and Asia, were included. School attendance was categorised into: (a) absenteeism (i.e. total absences), (b) excused/medical absences, (c) unexcused absences/truancy and (d) school refusal. Findings from eight studies suggested associations between truancy and any anxiety disorder, as well as social and generalised anxiety. Results also suggested cross-sectional associations between school refusal and separation, generalised and social anxiety disorders, as well as simple phobia. Few studies investigated associations with absenteeism or excused/medical absences. Conclusions: Findings suggest associations between anxiety and unexcused absences/truancy, and school refusal. Clinicians should consider the possibility of anxiety in children and adolescents with poor attendance. However, there is a lack of high quality evidence, little longitudinal research and limited evidence relating to overall absenteeism or excused/medical absences, despite the latter being the most common type of absence. These gaps should be a key priority for future research. Abstract
Finning K, Waite P, Harvey K, Moore D, Davis B, Ford T (2019). Secondary school practitioners’ beliefs about risk factors for school attendance problems: a qualitative study. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Finning K, Ukoumunne OC, Ford T, Danielsson-Waters E, Shaw L, Romero De Jager I, Stentiford L, Moore DA
(2019). The association between child and adolescent depression and poor attendance at school: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders
The association between child and adolescent depression and poor attendance at school: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Depression in young people may lead to reduced school attendance through social withdrawal, loss of motivation, sleep disturbance and low energy. We systematically reviewed the evidence for an association between depression and poor school attendance. Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for quantitative studies with school-aged children and/or adolescents, reporting a measure of association between depression and school attendance. Articles were independently screened by two reviewers. Synthesis incorporated random-effects meta-analysis and narrative synthesis. Results: Searches identified 4930 articles. Nineteen studies from eight countries across North America, Europe, and Asia, were included. School attendance was grouped into: 1) absenteeism (i.e. total absences), 2) excused/medical absences, 3) unexcused absences/truancy, and 4) school refusal. Meta-analyses demonstrated small-to-moderate positive cross-sectional associations between depression and absenteeism (correlation coefficient r = 0.11, 95% confidence interval 0.07 to 0.15, p = 0.005, I 2 = 63%); and depression and unexcused absences/truancy (r = 0.15, 95% confidence interval 0.13 to 0.17, p < 0.001, I 2 = 4%; odds ratio = 3.74, 95% confidence interval 2.11 to 6.60, p < 0.001, I 2 = 65%). Few studies reported associations with school refusal or excused/medical absences, and few utilised longitudinal data, although results from two studies suggested an association between depression and subsequent absenteeism. Limitations: Study quality was poor overall, and methodological heterogeneity, despite creating a broad evidence-base, restricted meta-analysis to only small subsamples of studies. Conclusions: Findings suggest associations between depression and poor school attendance, particularly absenteeism and unexcused absences/truancy. Clinicians and school staff should be alert to the possibility of depression in children and adolescents with poor attendance. Future research should utilise longitudinal data to confirm the direction of the association, investigate associations with excused absences, and test potential moderators of the relationship. Abstract
Moore D, Russell A, Matthews J, Ford T, Rogers M, Ukoumunne O, Kneale D, Thompson Coon J, Sutcliffe K, Nunns M, et al (2018). Context and Implications Document for: School-based interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review with multiple synthesis methods. Review of Education, 6
Nunns M, Mayhew D, Ford T, Rogers M, Curle C, Logan S, Moore D
(2018). Effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions to reduce procedural anxiety in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psycho-Oncology
Effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions to reduce procedural anxiety in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective: Children and young people (CYP) with cancer undergo painful and distressing procedures. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions to reduce procedural anxiety in CYP. Methods: Extensive literature searches sought randomised controlled trials that quantified the effect of any nonpharmacological intervention for procedural anxiety in CYP with cancer aged 0 to 25. Study selection involved independent title and abstract screening and full text screening by two reviewers. Anxiety, distress, fear, and pain outcomes were extracted from included studies. Where similar intervention, comparator, and outcomes presented, meta-analysis was performed, producing pooled effect sizes (Cohen's d) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). All other data were narratively described. Quality and risk of bias appraisal was performed, based on the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Results: Screening of 11 727 records yielded 56 relevant full texts. There were 15 included studies, eight trialling hypnosis, and seven nonhypnosis interventions. There were large, statistically significant reductions in anxiety and pain for hypnosis, particularly compared with treatment as usual (anxiety: d = 2.30; 95% CI, 1.30-3.30; P Abstract
Moore D, Russell A, Matthews J, Ford T, Rogers M, Ukoumunne O, Kneale D, Thompson Coon J, Sutcliffe K, Nunns M, et al (2018). School‐based interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a systematic review with multiple synthesis methods. Review of Education, 6
Watkins R, Goodwin VA, Abbott RA, Backhouse A, Moore D, Tarrant M
(2017). Attitudes, perceptions and experiences of mealtimes among residents and staff in care homes for older adults: a systematic review of the qualitative literature. Geriatr Nurs
Attitudes, perceptions and experiences of mealtimes among residents and staff in care homes for older adults: a systematic review of the qualitative literature.
Addressing problems associated with malnutrition in care home residents has been prioritized by researchers and decision-makers. This review aimed to better understand factors that may contribute to malnutrition by examining the attitudes, perceptions and experiences of mealtimes among care home residents and staff. Five databases were searched from inception to November 2015: Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, AMED, and the Cochrane Database. Forward and backward citation checking of included articles was conducted. Titles, abstracts, and full texts were screened independently by two reviewers and quality was assessed using the Wallace criteria. Thematic analysis of extracted data was undertaken. Fifteen studies were included in the review, encompassing the views and opinions of a total of 580 participants set in nine different countries. Four main themes were identified: (1) organizational and staff support, (2) resident agency, (3) mealtime culture, and (4) meal quality and enjoyment. Organizational and staff support was an over-arching theme, impacting all aspects of the mealtime experience. Mealtimes are a pivotal part of care home life, providing structure to the day and generating opportunities for conversation and companionship. Enhancing the mealtime experience for care home residents needs to take account of the complex needs of residents while also creating an environment in which individual care can be provided in a communal setting. PROSPERO Registration: CRD42015025890. Abstract
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Moore DA, Russell AE, Arnell S, Ford TJ
(2017). Educators' experiences of managing students with ADHD: a qualitative study. Child: Care, Health and Development
Educators' experiences of managing students with ADHD: a qualitative study
Background: the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are associated with difficulty coping with the social, behavioural and academic components of school. Compared with medication and other non-pharmacological treatment, there is less evidence relating to school-based interventions to support children with ADHD. There is additionally an absence of any research focused on the experiences and practices of educators in the UK around how they work with children who are inattentive, impulsive and hyperactive. Methods: Forty-two educational practitioners from primary, secondary and alternate provision schools in the UK participated in focus groups or individual interviews that explored (1) their experiences of managing students with ADHD in the classroom and (2) factors that helped and hindered them in this endeavour. Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Analysis identified six themes: broad strategies, student-centred, inclusive strategies, labelling, medication and relationships. Participants' experiences of managing students with ADHD drew upon a wide range of strategies that typically involved responding to individual needs in an inclusive manner, so individuals with ADHD could access the classroom with their peers. Participants spoke about three factors that helped and hindered managing students with ADHD. Labelling of students with ADHD was reported, with the negative aspects of labelling, such as stigmatization, affecting the classroom. Educators reported mixed experiences regarding the helpfulness of medication; where helpful, it allowed the use of strategies in the classroom. Although students with ADHD were described as having rollercoaster relationships, positive relationships were considered key to the support of children with these difficulties. Conclusions: This study suggests that factors such as attitudes towards ADHD, relationships experienced by students with ADHD and other treatments being delivered need to be carefully considered before strategies are put in place in the classroom. This study supports the need for further work on the implementation of evidence-based school interventions for ADHD. Abstract
Mayhew D, Nunns M, Moore D, Ford T (2017). Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Interventions to Reduce Procedural Anxiety in Children and Adolescents Undergoing Treatment for Cancer: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Pediatric Oncall, 14(4).
Finning K, Harvey K, Moore D, Ford T, Davis B, Waite P (2017). Secondary school educational practitioners’ experiences of school attendance problems and interventions to address them: a qualitative study. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 23(2), 213-225.
Finning K, Moore D, Ukoumunne OC, Danielsson-Waters E, Ford T (2017). The association between child and adolescent emotional disorder and poor attendance at school: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews, 6(1).
Gwernan-Jones RC, Moore DA, Cooper P, Russell AE, Richardson M, Rogers M, Thompson Coon JO, Stein K, Ford TJ, Garside R, et al
(2016). A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research: the influence of school context on symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research: the influence of school context on symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
This systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research explored contextual factors relevant to non-pharmacological interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in schools. We conducted meta-ethnography to synthesise studies, using theories of stigma to further develop the synthesis. Studies suggested that the classroom context requiring pupils to sit still, be quiet and concentrate could trigger symptoms of ADHD, and that symptoms could then be exacerbated through informal/formal labelling and stigma, damaged self-perceptions and resulting poor relationships with staff and pupils. Influences of the school context on symptoms of ADHD were often invisible to teachers and pupils, with most attributions made to the individual pupil and/or the pupil’s family. We theorise that this ‘invisibility’ is at least partly an artefact of stigma, and that the potential for stigma for ADHD to seem ‘natural and right’ in the context of schools needs to be taken into account when planning any intervention. Abstract
Moore DA, Whittaker S, Ford TJ
(2016). Daily report cards as a school-based intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Support for Learning
Daily report cards as a school-based intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
This paper describes daily report cards and the evidence relating to their use in schools for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This intervention typically involves teachers evaluating a student's behaviour at school against pre-determined targets and parents subsequently providing reinforcement at home for positive reports. Research suggests that the daily report card has been effective in treating a range of ADHD symptoms and improving school outcomes, including academic achievement in some cases. The daily report card also encourages collaboration between teachers and parents, and evidence suggests that the intervention benefits from the inclusion of reinforcement at home. Daily report cards are easy to implement and research finds that teachers consider them an acceptable intervention for ADHD. This paper also considers challenges in using daily report cards, including barriers to their use over the long-term and the risk of stigma for children with a report card. Ideas to address these issues are suggested. Abstract
Russell AE, Moore DA, Ford T
(2016). Educational practitioners’ beliefs and conceptualisation about the cause of ADHD: a qualitative study. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Educational practitioners’ beliefs and conceptualisation about the cause of ADHD: a qualitative study
© 2016 SEBDA Objectives: Educational practitioners play an important role in the referral and treatment of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to explore how educational practitioners conceptualise their beliefs about the causes of symptoms of ADHD. Method: Forty-one educational practitioners from schools in the United Kingdom participated in focus groups or individual interviews. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Practitioners’ beliefs fell into two categories: biological and environmental. Practitioners conceptualised the causes of ADHD in lay-theoretical models: a ‘True’ ADHD model considered that symptoms of ADHD in many cases were due to adverse environments; and a model whereby a biological predisposition is the root of the cause of the child’s symptoms. Conclusion: Differential beliefs about the causes of ADHD may lead to practitioners blaming parents for a child’s behaviour and discounting ADHD as a valid condition. This has implications for the effective support of children with ADHD in schools. Abstract
Abbott R, Moore D, Rogers M, Bethel A, Thompson-Coon J (2016). OP53 Effectiveness of community pharmacist home visits for vulnerable populations: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
Winstone N, Moore D
(2016). Sometimes fish, sometimes fowl? Liminality, identity work and identity malleability in Graduate Teaching Assistants. Innovations in Education and Teaching International
Sometimes fish, sometimes fowl? Liminality, identity work and identity malleability in Graduate Teaching Assistants
Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) have been described as being ‘neither fish nor fowl’, occupying a role between student and teacher. Their multiple identities are commonly framed within the literature as a key challenge. This study explored the perspectives of GTAs when discussing their teaching work, through activity-oriented focus groups with nine GTAs from a UK university. Thematic analysis revealed that whilst GTAs showed a lack of clarity over their identity, they are actively involved in the process of ‘identity work’ through negotiating an emerging professional identity. Furthermore, liminality of status, being neither fully a student nor teacher, allows GTAs to operate with identity malleability, adjusting their most salient identity to meet the demands of the situation. It is argued that rather than occupying an ‘ambiguous niche’, GTAs occupy a ‘unique niche’ and the identity malleability they possess affords the optimum conditions in which to engage in identity work. Abstract
Moore DA, Gwernan-Jones R, Richardson M, Racey D, Rogers M, Stein K, Thompson-Coon J, Ford TJ, Garside R (2016). The experiences of and attitudes toward non-pharmacological interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder used in school settings: a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 21(1), 61-82.
Gwernan-Jones R, Moore DA, Garside R, Richardson M, Thompson-Coon J, Rogers M, Cooper P, Stein K, Ford T (2015). ADHD, parent perspectives and parent-teacher relationships: grounds for conflict. British Journal of Special Education, 42(3), 279-300.
Coon JT, Gwernan-Jones R, Moore D, Richardson M, Shotton C, Pritchard W, Morris C, Stein K, Ford T (2015). End-user involvement in a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative research of non-pharmacological interventions for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder delivered in school settings: reflections on the impacts and challenges. Health Expectations, 19(5), 1084-1097.
Newlove-Delgado T, Moore D, Ukoumunne OC, Stein K, Ford T
(2015). Mental health related contact with education professionals in the British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey 2004. Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice
Mental health related contact with education professionals in the British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey 2004
Purpose – the purpose of this paper is to describe mental health-related contact with educational professionals amongst children in the British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey (BCAMHS) 2004. Design/methodology/approach – BCAMHS 2004 was a community-based survey of 5,325 children aged 5-16, with follow-up in 2007. This paper reports the percentage of children with a psychiatric disorder that had mental health-related contact with education professionals (categorised as teachers or specialist education services) and the percentage with specific types of psychiatric disorders amongst those contacting services. Findings – Two-thirds (66.1 per cent, 95 per cent CI: 62.4-69.8 per cent) of children with a psychiatric disorder had contact with a teacher regarding their mental health and 31.1 per cent (95 per cent CI: 27.5-34.7 per cent) had contact with special education either in 2004 or 2007, or both. Over half of children reporting special education contact (55.1 per cent, 95 per cent CI: 50.0-60.2 per cent) and almost a third reporting teacher contact in relation to mental health (32.1 per cent, 95 per cent CI: 29.7-34.6 per cent) met criteria for a psychiatric disorder. Practical implications – Many children in contact with education professionals regarding mental health experienced clinical levels of difficulty. Training is needed to ensure that contact leads to prompt intervention and referral if necessary. Originality/value – This is the first paper to report on mental health-related service contact with education professionals in the 2004 BCAMHS survey along with its 2007 follow-up. It identifies high levels of teacher contact which represent challenges in supporting staff with training, resources and access to mental health services. Abstract
Richardson M, Moore D, Gwernan-Jones R, Thompson-Coon J, Ukoumunne O, Rogers M, Whear R, Newlove-Delgado T, Logan S, Morris C, et al (2015). Non pharmacological interventions for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) delivered in school settings: Systematic reviews of quantitative and qualitative research. Health Technology Assessment, 19(45)
Moore D, Gwernan-Jones R, Wooding E, Richardson M (2014). School-based approaches to supporting young people with ADHD: a summary of two systematic reviews. ADHD in Practice, 6(4), 4-7.